Part 1 . ORAL PRESENTATION
Chapter 1 ) THE LIFESTYLE OF CONVERSATION IN PRE-LITERARY SOCIETIES
1 ) 1 THE GENRES OF ORAL TALK
Oral speech is a heterogeneous phenomenon which can be being created throughout time. Classification of utterances is usually complex and has many aspects to it. There are various ways to classification of utterances. Among such methods to classifying genres and types of common speech is based on the franche situation. Hence the types of utterances are divided by the number of people involved in creating and receiving speech (a monologue and a dialogue), by message (a phillippic, a polemic, a panegyric), etc . A different approach to classifying utterances is based on the function in the speech take action (a common every-day interaction, liturgy, forensics, propaganda, movie theater, instruction, etc . ). Useful classes of oral conversation are divided into genres of utterances. Therefore, dialogues inside every-day conversation are divided by their framework: for instance, a dialogue within a hotel, a dialogue on a bus, a dialogue in the doctor's office, etc . . One other example may be the codification of genres in liturgy -- they are a sermon, a reading and a series of hymnologic genres: psalm, tropar', kondak, vozglas, and so forth Forensic, spiritual, military, personal, propagandistic eloquence are researched under oratory . The genres used on tv set and the airwaves are variedly codified: details, story, assessment, interview, radiorama, etc . Similarly detailed is the codification of theatrical talk: drama, funny, stage monologue, stage discussion, variety present conversation makes, etc . The genres of pedagogical presentation are divided by methodological objective: a lecture and a workshop further curve by the type of assignments. Thus, the general genre classification of oral presentation is a complex task needing a special way. The categories listed above are part of particular aspects of philology, seeing that in the long run that they depend on the historically created structure of specific philological disciplines: unsupported claims, liturgy, terminology teaching methodology, journalism theory, etc . For general philology, it has a standard basis intended for text category - the texture of texts. Modern common speech is usually divided into three large classes by the manner of its creation. One such category is literary speech correct, i. at the. speech that may be first written and then read, or commited to memory and only after that pronounced. This sort of speech includes first of all stage speech (except compering), liturgical speech (except sermon), virtually all types used on tv and a radio station (except interview), etc . Delivering such a speech the speaker orally reproduces a definite written model. Another course is conversation that does not have got and are unable to have a written original. Such are generally everyday-dialogues, different oral organization negotiations, various kinds or orally transmitted gossip, fairy stories that are developed while informing them or perhaps reproduced by memory. In a nutshell, this class comprises every utterances which are created orally and only later on may be somehow fixed in a written, permanent magnet of other recording.
You ought to notice that some of such text messaging often will be purposefully safeguarded from saving. Thus, a folklorist or perhaps an ethnographer may come across a situation the moment their informant for certain reasons does not require a text that just he or she understands to be crafted down. There is a direct prohibition on writing down or currently taking minutes of numerous intimate or perhaps secret talks.
Alongside with those two large classes of utterances there is a third, transitional one, containing top features of both classes. Thus, all types of speeches belonging to oratory (i. e. forensic, political, armed service speeches, lectures, propagandistic or perhaps preaching appearances, various speeches in gatherings, presentations, etc . ) get this particular feature: they are not necessarily first created and then noticable. They may be pronounced impromptu, or perhaps be first submitted inside the written type and...