guidance and counseling Dissertation

advice and counseling



The scientific advancement behavioural theory can be followed directly from Pavlov's 19th hundred years discovery in classical health and fitness and important foundations were laid straight down by M. B Watson (1913). Significant publications about behaviorism had been done by Watson, Thorndike as well as the rest. Behaviorism is a pair of learned replies to occasions, experiences or stimuli in a person's your life history. Habit can be modified by providing appropriate learning conditions and activities. Behaviorists was standing for the aspects that may be measured and observed. Behaviorists focus on particular behavioural desired goals, emphasizing specific and repeatable method. The approach have been successful in the treatment of smoking cigarettes, weight control and other eating disorders, drug abuse, behavior challenges and talk difficulties. (Gibson and Mitchel 2003). Behavioral theory takes on that maladaptive behavior is to a considerable degree acquired through learning throughout the process of fitness. Counselling, to get a behaviorist entails the organized use of various processes and procedures with specific desired goals between the counselor and the customer. A wide variety of methods drown from the knowledge of learning processes are employed for the purpose of guidance and remedy such as operant learning; a technique based on the usefulness of reinforcements and timing with their presentation in producing modify. (Windy, M and Rhena, B 2008). Strengths of behavioural theory:

Behavioral theory is based visible behavior, hence, it is easier to assess and collect data and information when conducting research. Effective therapeutic techniques including intensive behavioral intervention, patterns analysis, symbol economies and discrete trial training are all rooted in behaviorism. These approaches in many cases are very useful in changing maladaptive or damaging behaviours in both adults and children. Criticism of behavioral theory:...

References: Mutie E. E and Kyungu P. M (1999) Direction and Guidance for schools and colleges; oxford university press; Nairob