Essay

Article

PRODUCING PARAGRAPHS: COMPARISON/ CONTRAST

Composing a passage using comparison or distinction requires the development of two subject areas at the same time. In this chapter, you will concentrate on the special requires of this tough rhetorical contact form.

22

SECTION OBJECTIVES

• • • • •

choosing a two-part topic placing your order material using the point-by-point approach or the block method enhancing coherence through the use of transitional phrases common to comparison/contrast writing taking a step-by-step approach to create comparison/ contrast paragraphs studying model paragraphs to produce comparison/ contrast paragraphs

WHAT IS COMPARISON/CONTRAST?

We all use evaluation and compare every day. In the grocery store, we judge related products just before we decide to buy one of them; we listen to two politicians on television and consider the differences between their positions before we vote for one of them; and we browse college magazines and speak with our friends before we help to make a final decision as to which school we should attend. Whenever we compare or perhaps contrast two items, we must consider exactly which details should be compared. We will often have a purpose or a need for making our decision as to which will item is more preferable or a whole lot worse. For instance, whenever we are making an expensive purchase, a person who has not assessed the situation could possibly be tempted to rely on a smart salesperson, whom may want to call and make an easy sale. A person might also be swayed by the price by itself or make the decision based on behavioral instinct. We have all

427 Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning. All Legal rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or replicated, in whole or in part.

428

PART 5

CREATING EFFECTIVE PARAGRAPHS

skilled the unhappy consequences of producing such a choice without thinking this through. Comparability or distinction uses a reasonable process that will help us consider the important similarities or perhaps differences. Consider the common experience of finding the best house to rent. The hunt for an appropriate spot to live straight affects your budget and has many significance for a individual's daily life. Will the monthly rent include programs, and, in the event that not, just how high may those costs go? Can you rent month-to-month, or are you held to a lease? Simply how much of a secureness deposit can you have to deposit? Are domestic pets allowed? Is definitely the apartment currently available? Is it equipped or unfurnished? What condition is it in? Aside from the house itself, some basic questions about the building and the neighborhood spring to mind. What floors is the flat on, of course, if it is on one of the higher floors, will there be an escalator? Is the building well maintained? Does it have good security? Is definitely the building near public transportation? Is there shopping near by? If your piece of writing were concerned with this subject matter of choosing the ideal apartment, the points as listed above would make the writing get into the category of comparison/contrast. In cases like this, because the seek out the right house is such an essential one, you can observe that evaluation or comparison is not only a good tool—it is an absolutely vital one. Assessment or distinction, as a way of development, investigates similarities or differences between people, items, or ideas in order to arrive at a wisdom or summary.

NOTE: Although the term evaluation is sometimes found in a general perception to include the two comparisons and contrasts, right here we utilize term comparability when we focus on commonalities, and we use the term contrast when we focus on distinctions.

CHOOSING A TWO-PART TOPIC

Much of the difficulty in publishing a passage of comparison or comparison is brought on by having a two-part topic. Cautious thought, consequently , must be given to creating the topic sentence of that passage. You must choose a two-part matter that has a adequate number of take into account compare or contrast, nevertheless, you must avoid selecting twopart topics that could have a lot of points to assess or comparison that you would not be able to talk about all the...