1 ) Identifiers:
Task Number: P066397
Project Brand: Philippines: Rural Power Software (Renewable Energy Component) Timeframe: APL of 12-14 years (of which usually Phase 1 will be regarding 4 years) Implementing Agency: World Lender
Executing Firm: Department of one's
Requesting Country or Countries: Philippines
Membership: Philippines ratified FCCC on 8/2/94
GEF Focal Region: Climate Modify
GEF Development Framework: OP 6
installment payments on your Summary: Rural electrification is a pro-poor flagship program in the Philippines' Division of Energy (DOE), the aim of which is to improve the quality lifestyle in non-urban areas through the provision of adequate, inexpensive and reliable energy providers in a environmentally friendly manner. The us government has established an driven target of 100% electrification at the barangay (village) level by the 12 months 2006, suggesting electrification of about 8, three hundred barangays during the period 2001-2006. However , most of the non-electrified barangays are in areas which are not viable intended for grid file format, due to their unapproachability and/or low density of demand. Additionally , even in " electrifiedвЂќ barangays, many households remain unelectrified, sometimes because they are in isolated storage compartments which are pricy to connect towards the local grid. Hence just about half of the unelectrified barangays can possibly be connected towards the main main grid, while the partner (the " offgridвЂќ areas and the separated unserved pockets in " electrifiedвЂќ barangays) will have to be dished up by decentralized systems (independent minigrids and individual systems). The challenge of implementing off-grid electrification is usually inextricably linked with the need to address deep-seated problems in the non-urban power subsector. These include severe financial and capacity constraints of the lead rural electrification body, the National Electriifcation Administration (NEA), and of lots of the rural electrical cooperatives (ECs). These restrictions have led to the aggresive circle of underinvestment in rehabilitation, low efficiency, low quality of services, high cost and lack of awareness of the needs of consumers in difficult or unviable areas.
This proposed APL will support the government not only in it is rural and offgrid electrification investment plan but as well in the rendering of key reforms inside the subsector. A building block way, including learning by doing, is vital, so the APL will provide flexible tranches of funding based on initially decided targets and progress toward goals. The APL can be rolled out in 4 levels over a period of 12-14 years, with an initial period of some years. Throughout the initial stage, new business techniques would be piloted to: (a) attract new players in the private sector to provide in order to unelectrified barangays and underserved areas; and (b) transform ECs to financial self-sufficiency over the long run. Successful rendering of these preliminary programs can be replicated and scaled up in subsequent levels of the APL.
The program will certainly contribute towards global environment objective of mitigating environment change due to greenhouse gas (GHG) exhausts by endorsing widespread utilization of clean, power technologies in power generation. Because of its archipelago geography вЂ“ the Israel comprises a few 7, 1000 islands spread over 300, 1000 square kilometers вЂ“ decentralized power systems will be the least-cost solution for many non-electrified and under-served barangays. Environmentally-benign alternative energy technologies (RETs), particularly small hydro, photovoltaic (PV) systems and biomass power devices, will be competitive in many such applications, whenever (with GEF support) the market barriers for their adoption can be overcome. Consequently in such situations, chances for the usage of stand-alone RETs and/or diesel/hybrid RETs will be actively searched for. And, whilst mini-grid RET systems currently suffer the vicious cycle of high price and consequently handful of applications, all their...
References: Fight it out, R. Deb., Jacobson, A., and Kammen D. M. (2002), " Product Top quality in the Kenyan Solar Residence Systems Market, " in press, Strength Policy.