bread Dissertation



Jump to: navigation, search

For the American rock band, see Bread (band). To get other uses, see Loaf of bread (disambiguation).

Webpage semi-protected


FD 1 . jpg

Numerous leavened breads


Primary ingredient(s)

Flour, water

Bread is actually a staple food prepared by preparing a bread of flour and drinking water. It is popular around the world and it is one of the world's oldest foods.

The virtually infinite blends of different flours, and differing proportions of ingredients, has resulted in the wide variety of types, shapes, sizes, and textures available all over the world. It may be leavened (aerated) by a number of different processes ranging from the usage of naturally occurring microorganisms to high-pressure artificial aeration during planning and/or preparing, or can be left unleavened. A wide variety of additives may be used, from fruits and nuts to varied fats, to chemical artificial additives designed to boost flavour, feel, colour, and shelf life.

Breads may be offered in different varieties at any meals of the day, eaten as a treat, and is also used because an ingredient consist of culinary formulations. As a fundamental food worldwide, bread is at a take on relevance beyond pure nutrition, evolving into a fitting in religious rituals, luxurious cultural your life, and language.


[hide] 1 Etymology

2 Background

3 Types 3. you Quick breads

4 Breads making four. 1 Ingredients

4. two Flour

some. 3 Fluids

4. 5 Leavening some. 4. you Chemical leavening

4. 5. 2 Candida

4. four. 3 Sourdough

4. some. 4 Steam

4. some. 5 Bacteria

4. 4. 6 Aeration

4. your five Fats or perhaps shortenings

4. 6 Breads improvers

4. 7 Chemical composition

your five Serving and consumption

6th Shelf life

six Crust

almost eight Cultural relevance 8. you Religious significance

8. 2 Europe

almost 8. 3 Latina America

almost 8. 4 North Africa

eight. 5 Asia

8. 6 North America

being unfaithful Anti-bread moves

10 Find also

eleven References

12 Further examining

13 External links


The word alone, Old The english language bread, frequently occurs in various forms to many Germanic languages, just like Frisian brea, Dutch family, German Brot, Swedish bröd, and Norwegian and Danish brød; it has been claimed to be derived from the main of make. It may be associated with the root of break, due to the early uses are limited to broken parts or components of bread, the Latin crustum, and it had been not until the 12th century that it got the place—as the generic name intended for bread—of hlaf (𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌹𐍆𐍃 [hlaifs] in Medieval: modern English language loaf), which will appears to be the oldest Teutonic name. Older High A language like german hleib[1] and modern German born Laib get from this Proto-Germanic word pertaining to " loaf", and it is coradical with Polish chleb, Russian хлеб (khleb), and borrowed into Finnish leipä and Estonian leib as well.

In lots of cultures, loaf of bread is a metaphor for simple necessities and living conditions on the whole. For example , a " bread-winner" is a home's main financial contributor and has tiny to do with actual bread-provision. This is also seen in the phrase " putting breads on the table". The Both roman poet Juvenal satirised succinct, pithy politicians and the public as patient only for " panem ainsi que circenses" (bread and circuses). In Spain in 1917, the Bolsheviks promised " peace, area, and bread. "[2][3] The term " breadbasket" means an agriculturally productive area. In Slavic cultures breads and sodium is offered like a welcome to guests. In India, life's basic essentials are often known as " roti, kapra aur makan" (bread, cloth, and house). In Israel, the most usual term in work-related demonstrations is lekhem, avoda (" breads, work" ).

The word breads is commonly employed around the world in English-speaking countries as a synonym for money (as is the circumstance with the word " dough" ). An amazing or ground-breaking innovation can often be referred to in North America and the United Kingdom because " the greatest thing as sliced bread" or " the best thing as sliced bread". In Cockney rhyming slang, bread means money; this kind of usage is derived from the key phrase " loaf of bread and...

Sources: 4. Leap up ^ Cockney Rhyming Slang. Persons. scs. fsu. edu (23 January 2013). Retrieved about 21 Drive 2013.

six. Jump up ^ McGee, Harold (2004). On meals and food preparation. Scribner. s. 517. ISBN 0-684-80001-2.

7. Jump up ^ Tannahill, Reay (1973). Food in History. Stein and Day. pp. 68–69. ISBN 0-8128-1437-1.

10. Jump up ^ Benhaim, Paul (2003). Modern summary of hemp: meals and fibre: past, present and future. [Mullumbimby, N. T. W. ]: P. Benhaim. p. thirty-two. ISBN 0-9751482-0-6.

11. Leap up ^ Cicero, Dennis; Czartoryski, Kris; Gruber, Suzanne and Jordan, Lipp (2001). The Galaxy Global Eatery Hemp Recipe book. Frog Literature. ISBN 1-58394-055-3.

12. Hop up ^ Bavec, Martina and Bavec, Franc (2006). Organic Production and Make use of Alternative Vegetation. London: Taylor swift & Francis Ltd. pp. 177–178. ISBN 1-4200-1742-X.

13. Jump up ^ Finley, John H.; Phillips, 3rd there’s r. O. (1989). Protein top quality and the associated with processing. New York: M. Dekker. p. See Figure installment payments on your ISBN 0-8247-7984-3.

20. Jump up ^ Silverton, Nancy (1996) Breads From The La Brea Food handling business, Villard, ISBN 0679409076

21 years old. Jump up ^ Reinhart, Peter (2001) The Bread Baker 's Apprentice: Perfecting the Art of Remarkable Bread, Five Speed Press, ISBN 1580082688

22. Leap up ^ Gelinas, Caillou; McKinnon, Carole M. (2006). " Effect of wheat selection, farming internet site, and bread-baking on total phenolics". Foreign Journal of Food Technology and Technology 41 (3): 329. doi: 10. 1111/j. 1365-2621. 2006. 01057. times.

24. Leap up ^ StrandГҐs, C.; Kamal-Eldin, A.; Andersson, R.; Г…man, G. (2008). " Phenolic glucosides in breads containing flaxseed". Food Hormone balance 110 (4): 997. doi: 10. 1016/j. foodchem. 2008. 02. 088.

25. Hop up ^ Ring, Evelyn (5 October 2009). " Bread that stays fresh for 2 weeks to hit shelves by year-end". Irish Reviewer, evaluator.

26. Leap up ^ Vaux, Bert. " Vernacular Survey: What do you call up the end of any loaf of bread? ". Retrieved March 2, 2013.

27. Jump up ^ Winkler, Dorothy (29 This summer 2009). " Discovery Health " Is eating bread crust really good for you? " ". Wellness. howstuffworks. com. Retrieved 26 October 2012.

32. ^ Jump about: a n c Copeland, Libby (6 April 2012) " White Bread Kills: A history of your national systematisierter wahn. " Standing. com

thirty-three. Jump up ^ Beeton, Mrs (1861)

41. Leap up ^ Chorleywood, the Bread that Changed The united kingdom. Bbc. co. uk (7 June 2011). Retrieved about 21 Drive 2013.

Cunningham, Marion (1990). The Fannie Farmer cookbook. illustrated by simply Lauren Jarrett (13th education. ). Ny: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-394-56788-9.

Trager, James (1995). The food chronology: a food lover 's compendium of events and anecdotes via prehistory to the present. Henry Holt. ISBN 0-8050-3389-0.

Davidson, Alan (1999). The Oxford Companion to Meals. Oxford College or university Press. ISBN 0-19-211579-0.

M. Samuel (2000). " Brewing and baking". Ancient Silk materials and technology. Eds: P. Big t. Nicholson & I. Shaw. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 537–576. ISBN 0-521-45257-0.

Pyler, At the. J. (1988). Baking Scientific research & Technology 3rd Ed. vols. We & II. Sosland Publishing Company. ISBN 1-882005-02-3.