1 . Expression. Its features.
Much have been said regarding the importance of paying because of attention to expression when learning a foreign language. The process of communication cannot be performed without timbre as it has its own functions within a sentence. These functions will be: 1 . The constitutive
2 . The exclusive
(1) Expression forms content. Each sentence consists of one or more intonation groups. An intonation group can be described as word or possibly a group of terms characterized by a certain intonation routine and is generally complete from the point of view of that means. E. g. You'll arrive early | and stay as long as you may | refuses to you || Sentences will be separated by each other by pauses. The conclusion of a phrase is always recognized by a long temporarily halt; the end of your non-final intonation group is generally characterized by a shorter temporarily stop. E. g. He's passed his test || He could be a student at this point || Like most old people | he was fond of speaking about old days || (2) Expression also serves to distinguish the communicative types of sentences, the actual that means of a phrase, the speaker's emotions or perhaps attitudes towards the contents in the sentence, to the listener or to the topic of conversation. E. g. He's exceeded his exam |
Low-Fall - an argument of truth
High-Rise -- a question
Low-Rise вЂ“ a question with big surprise
High-Fall вЂ“ an exclamation
One plus the same phrase pronounced with different intonation may express different emotions. Expression is also an excellent means of distinguishing the useful styles.
2 . The components in the intonation
1) Speech tune or the frequency.
The sentence possesses particular phonetic features: variations of pitch or speech melody, pauses, sentence stress, beat, tempo and timbre. Every feature works a definite process and all of them work together. It is generally acknowledged which the pitch of the voice or speech tune, sentence anxiety and rhythm are the 3 main components of intonation, while pauses, tempo and gesta play a subordinate part in conversation. The frequency of the words does not stick to the same level while the phrase is evident. It falls and increases within the time period between its lower and upper restrictions. Three presentation levels are usually distinguished: large, medium and low.
The pitch from the voice soars and is catagorized on the vowels and been vocal consonants. These types of falls and rises form definite habits typical of English and therefore are called conversation melody. Presentation Range is a interval among two presentation levels. It may be normal, vast and slim.
E. g. I don't know you've been to London.
The use of this or that pitch (and range) shows the degree of its semantic importance. As a rule the low pitch level expresses little semantic fat, on the contrary the high presentation level is known as a sign of importance, stronger degree of feeling.
Tempo is a frequent recurrence of stressed and unstressed syllables at certain intervals. The characteristic features of English talk rhythm might be summed up as follows: 1 ) The reliability of the repeat of pressured and unstressed syllables leads to the pronunciation of each stroking group within a sense-group inside the same period of time irrespective towards the number of unstressed syllables in it. Which its switch influences the size of sounds, specifically vowels. 2 . The engagement of anxious and unstressed syllables ends in the influence of rhythm upon word-stress and sentence-stress. There are several rhythmical teams in a sense-group as there are stressed syllables. Stroking groups could be of two types: В·enclitics вЂ“ a stroking group in which an unstressed syllable clings to the earlier stressed syllable. В·proclitics вЂ“ a stroking group by which an unstressed syllable clings to the following stressed syllable. To acquire a great English talk rhythm you should arrange sentences: 1) in to intonation groupings;
2) into rhythmic groupings;
3) website link the words beginning with a vowel to earlier words; 4) weaken unstressed words and syllables;